The creation of the Ministry of Indian Affairs
Gradually, in the XIXTH century, the monopoly of the Hudson Bay Company in relation to the Pekuakamiulnuatsh diminished and more and more the state took its place. After 1842, it took paternal charge of the First Nations throughout the whole country with the creation and exclusive management of all of the «Indian reserves».
The Ministry of Indian Affairs and the Canadian North was originally a British Indian Ministry created in 1755; then responsibility for Indian Affairs in Canada was transferred to Canada in 1860, at the time of Confederation. It was only in 1866 that the Ministry of Indian Affairs was created in the form that we know today preceding, by one year, the British North American Act of 1867.