The creation of the reserves

Drying tents
Drying tents
 

In 1851, the government authorised the setting-up of 230,000 acres of reserve land for the use of certain «Indian tribes» of Lower Canada.  Those of Lac-Saint-Jean identified two (2) reserves: one of 4,000 acres near the Post and the Indian Mission at Métabetchouan and one of 16,000 acres at the mouth of the Péribonka River.  The choice of the Métabetchouan sector was very soon questioned.  In 1867, the Canadian political system became a confederation.  The new political administrative structures placed all «Indians» of the country on the same footing under the law, i.e. the status of a minor who must placed under guardianship and the best means of accomplishing this was by using reserves.


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